It’s no secret that knowing how to make cannabutter gives you a new, interesting way of consuming cannabis.
In fact, it will allow you to use both the buds and the dried trim (if you grow your own medicine) and make your friends happier in the process.
Bottom line? If you want to make your own cannabis infused meals, knowing how to make weed butter is a must.
So pull up a chair, grab some snacks and get ready to learn:
- How to make weed butter (cannabutter)
- What are the best ways to make it
- Step-by-step recipe (decarbing included)
We have a lot to cover so let’s get started.
Homemade weed butter recipe crash course
If you are a cannabis enthusiast, you’ve surely heard of a term “edible” — a piece of food that is prepared with cannabis as one of the main ingredients. Edibles come in many forms, such as cookies, brownies, cakes, muffins, chocolate bars, and, of course, butter.
That’s right — butter, just like regular dairy butter or peanut butter — cannabis can be chopped and screwed into delicious, bread-smearing, cake-making, spoon-licking butter.
Weed butter is an essential ingredient in many cannabis edibles, due to its nature of being easily mixable. It is made through a process called extraction, during which the cannabinoids such as THC and CBDare juiced out of the plant and then infused with other ingredients such as dairy butter or coconut oil.
It is very important to always have in mind that the consumption of cannabutter should be supervised, and with proper care and understanding.
Cannabutter is one of the most potent and highly concentrated forms of medical marijuana, which means that it is not to be toyed with. Dosing weed butter can be tricky if you aren’t paying extreme attention, but we’ll talk about that a bit later.
What is cannabutter used for?
Cannabutter primarily found its use, just like medical cannabis, in alternative medicine.
In recent years, since the legalization of cannabis started around the world, in countries like Netherlands, USA and several others on lower levels of regulation, weed butter is primarily used as just another way of consuming both medical and recreational cannabis. Simply put — it’s fun.
Since cannabutter can easily replace any other type of butter in any dish, its gastronomical limits are basically unknown.
Properly dosed weed butter can give the user a very nice and smooth high, which is why so many people prefer consuming cannabis this way.
The active ingredients of cannabis (cannabinoids) that we ingest by smoking a joint or by eating a cannabis infused edible are processed by our body in different ways, but in the end they still produce the same result, which is also good news for those who don’t like smoking cannabis because of the side effects of smoke.
What are the best strains for weed butter?
When it comes down to which strain is the best choice for your first batch of weed butter, we will have to pull out the old cookbook excuse — the truth is you should pick a strain you personally like the most.
If you’re not sure which strain fits you best, you can use Strainblazer, our tool for finding strains in Canada, which allows you to filter all strains currently on sale, by six criteria such as condition, symptoms, THC/CBD levels, flavor and effects.
Then again, we can also provide several more tips that might give you a bit more insight before you turn your inner Gordon Ramsay on and start whipping up cakes from scratch.
When it comes down to which parts of the plant you can use, always have in mind that you can use both the buds and the rest of the plant, depending on how strong you want the butter to be.
If you decide not to use the buds, the strain really doesn’t have a lot to do with the whole process so you don’t even have to think about that anymore.
But bare in mind that, just like making almost every other cannabis infused food, the best weed butter is made from the buds of the plant, as that’s where the most of the plant’s cannabinoids are.
Why you need to decarboxylate cannabis before cooking with it?
Raw cannabis is not psychoactive, despite the popular opinion.
In order for cannabis to actually give you a high, two prerequisites need to be fulfilled:
- The buds need to be dried and aged;
- The buds need to be heated to a certain temperature.
The strongest psychoactive effects are actually achieved both by heating the plant and by letting it age and dry longer.
In order to release the full potential of the plant’s psychoactive effects, you must first go through a process called decarboxylation.
Decarbing means that cannabis is thermally treated in order for weed to release the utmost amount of THC and other cannabinoids.
The process of decarbing happens at temperatures of 200-250℉ or 90-120°C.
That temperature is a lot lower than the temperature at which cannabis burns when smoked, which is between 400°C and 900°C.
As you can see on the chart above, the best way to reach the desired amount of THC is by following the curve.
Baking the buds on a high temperature for a shorter period of time has proven to be more effective than baking them for a bit longer on a lower temperature.
For an optimal THC content of 15-20% you should bake your buds for 7-25 min on 300 or 250℉ (150-120°C) respectively.
Butter, water or coconut oil? Which ingredient should you use?
In the current world of making cannabutter there are 2 camps that claim their recipe is the best, and then there are also those that claim making cannabutter doesn’t have to be restricting to only one of the two ingredients.
So which is the best basis for weed butter: dairy butter or coconut oil?
Either one is a good choice if you have something that stops you from taking the other. For example, you might be lactose intolerant so you decide to go with coconut oil.
Others just don’t like the taste and smell of coconut oil, and it does largely cover up the taste and smell of cannabis in the final product, which could also be a good reason to go with dairy butter and that way save the full weed experience.
While those two are favorites for the best additive, most recipes heavily rely on water being one of the main ingredients for preparing weed butter.
A couple important things to keep in mind is that when cooking with water:
- Separating the trim will be a much easier task
- The flavor will be reduced in the end
- Waste materials will be easier to get rid of
- The butter will be much more clear after the process
Why use water instead of cooking cannabis directly in butter or oil?
Pros of Using Water
When making cannabutter with water, chlorophyll is leached much more efficiently than when making it with butter or oil only.
This results in the butter having a far weaker taste and smell. Physics also teach us that solid materials tend to sink in the water and float in the butter, so you won’t have too much trouble separating the remaining plant material from the pot in which you are preparing the butter.
The smell and taste of cannabis will still be there, but at a far lower level that you would expect.
Cons of Using Water
Since the weed butter that is made with water goes bad quickly, it has to be either consumed right away or kept in a fridge/freezer.
The extra moisture makes it more susceptible to mold than waterless cannabutter. However, this type of cannabutter is far easier to be frozen and saved in a freezer for months, all the while not losing any of its potency over time.
This type of cannabutter has far less plant residue and for two main reasons: it flows easily through the gauze or whatever you are using to cleanse it, and if it does go through it will sink down easily, opposed to butter where it will still float.
How to make cannabutter (the best recipe)
So far, we’ve talked about what is weed butter, what are its uses and which are the best additives and best ways to alter your butter.
Now, we are going to let you in on Greencamp’s secret weed butter recipe.
Get your spatulas and pots ready.
Dosing, ingredients and tools for making weed butter
These are the ingredients and tools you will need for one batch of cannabutter.
Also, keep in mind that cannabutter must sit in the fridge for at least a day in order to gain solidity, so always make it a day ahead of whatever event you might be getting ready for.
The batch we will be making equals to about:
- 15 strong portions;
- 30 regular portions;
- 50 light portions.
The ingredients for one pound of cannabutter are listed below:
- 1 oz dried cannabis bud, or 3 oz dried trim – 30 grams of buds or 85-100g of trim;
- 1 pound of butter (usually 4 sticks of butter).
- Aluminum foil;
- One baking sheet or tray for the oven;
- One weed grinder;
- Several semi-deep pots;
- Cheesecloth or gauze for filtering;
- One plastic bowl.
If you haven’t paid close attention to the article, we’ll get over the process of decarbing again quickly.
And then to making the best damn weed butter you will ever have in your life.
1) Decarboxylate the cannabis:
- Preheat the oven to 250°F (120°C) and line your baking tray with aluminum foil;
- Grind the cannabis buds, but not too much, and certainly not as much as you would if you were to smoke it. You want the weed to be ground up but not ground down to dust;
- Spread the weed across the aluminum covered baking tray and slide the tray into the oven once it reaches the desired temperature;
- Leave it inside for about 20-30 minutes. At this point, your house will start smelling of weed so much your neighbors might think you are hosting a Snoop Dogg fan club meeting. You will see some steam and vapor leaving the ground down weed while decarbing, which is nothing to be worried about;
- Take it out once the cannabis becomes slightly brownish. Grind it down with your hands and if there are any bigger pieces left, but again, don’t make it into a powder either.
2) Mix cannabis with butter and water:
- Put 4 cups of water into a semi-deep cooking pot and bring it to a boil;
- Turn heat down to medium-low, and add butter to the water. Wait for butter to melt, all the while stirring and mixing the pot;
- Once the water and the butter have fused together, add the decarbed cannabis to the pot. Cannabis will be afloat with at least one or two inches of clearance under it. If not, add more water to the mix. This won’t change the potency of the final product as THC doesn’t stick to water;
- Simmer the mixture for 20-30 minutes, without boiling;
- Strain out the mixture through cheesecloth into a glass bowl (or a jar). Leave it on top of the cheesecloth to strain fully. If you did this correctly, the bulk of the plant material should be in the cheesecloth;
- Store the entire bowl in the fridge for about 5-6 hours;
- The butter will harden and separate from the water. It will basically form a crust on top of your glass bowl. Just use a knife to cut it out and then you can re-melt it in your microwave or just use it in a recipe.